Mid-Atlantic CHP Technical Assistance Partnership map of represented states

States - CHP in Virginia

D.C | Delaware | Maryland | New Jersey | Pennsylvania | Virginia | West Virginia


A significant percentage of the electrical generation in VA takes advantage of its waste heat, at 11% of total generating capacity this is above the 8% national average in 2003. 9.7% of this capacity is in the industrial sector, .04% is in the commercial with the remainder in residential. Electrical prices are below the national average and have fallen steadily for the last 10 years. Natural gas has experienced price fluctuations along with the all other states in the region and seen prices climb 42% over the last 12 years. There has been a fair amount of CHP and distributed energy activity in the state to this point. There remains 18,767MW of CHP potential within the state, the bulk of it within the industrial sector.

Installed CHP Capacity

Currently, Virginia 's CHP market generates 11.4% of its total energy market, amounting to a capacity of 2,147MW. This energy is primarily generated through 44 major CHP facilities. Commercial attributions account for 78.7MW of the total market through the use of 10 different facilities. The remainder is attributed to industrial and other uncategorized sectors, having 33 facilities producing 1828.1MW and one facility producing 240.0MW, respectively.

Representative Local Installations

Descriptions of successfully-implemented CHP projects can be used to get ideas for the planning, financing, approval and installation processes involved. The lessons learned in these projects are a valuable resource for those considering CHP, whether in commercial, institutional, or industrial applications. Selected Mid-Atlantic CHP projects are available here, having been obtained from a variety of sources, including other RACs or through DOE.

Potential Market for CHP

According to the US Department of Energy, installations of CHP systems in Virginia's commercial and industrial sector have the potential to generate 1320 to 2410 MW, representing 3-5% of DOE's 47GW long-term goal. A high majority of this figure can be attributed to systems installed in office buildings (23%), schools (20%) and hospitals (12%). Due to increased feasibility and technological developments in small engines, smaller systems, ranging from 100-500MW, account for over 60% of the total market potential. The range of commercial and institutional system sizes Virginia's 1860MW potential can be seen below.

Potential Commercial/ Institutional CHP System Capacities in Virginia

Potential Commercial/ Institutional CHP System Capacities in Virginia
Source: "Role of Combined Heat and Power in Virginia's Energy Future",
report prepared by The Alexandria Research Council

State Restructuring Activities

Status of State Electric Industry Restructuring from DOE EIA

State Energy Data System (SEDS)


Electricity Pricing

DOE EIA - Electricity Prices
(a variety of monthly and annual data is available at this site)

Natural Gas Pricing

Average natural gas rates in VA graph

DOE EIA - Natural Gas Prices by State
(select residential/commercial/industrial in the "Data Series" box at top of this page)

Virginia Links

Electric Utility Website:

CHP Requirements & State Support Programs Links

State Agency Contacts: